Nutrient losses due to tuber adhesion of harvesting multiple potato cultivars at different soil water contents

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Soil Science, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55136-553, Iran

2 1- Associate Professor, Department of Soil Science, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55136-553, Iran 2- Senior Researcher, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institute of Bio- and Geosciences: Agrosphere (IBG-3), Jülich, Germany

3 Associate Professor, Department of Horticultural Science, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55136-553, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Soil Science, University of Maragheh, P.O. Box 55136-553, Iran

5 Honorary Professor, Geography and Environmental Sciences, University of Dundee, DD1 4HN, Scotland, UK


Very few studies have investigated the effects of crop morphological characteristics on soil loss due to crop harvest (SLCH). The present study investigates the soil, nutrient (nitrogen, N, phosphorus, P, and potassium, K), and organic carbon losses during the harvest of different potato cultivars with different morphological characteristics. The experiment is conducted at different soil water contents (SWC) controlled by different irrigation schemes, with the last irrigation 5, 10, and 15 days before harvest. At harvest time (early fall), in addition to measuring tuber yield (which was harvested manually) and SLCH, disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were collected in the field to measure various soil physicochemical properties and soil nutrient contents exported from the field. On average, 0.79 ± 0.36 Mg ha-1 soil, 580 g ha-1 nitrogen, 3 g ha-1 extractable phosphorus, 350 g ha-1 potassium, and 4.2 Kg ha-1 organic carbon were lost from the experimental fields at each harvest. The SLCH of the farms with Fontane, Challenger, and Agria cultivars was 1.21 ± 0.03 Mg ha-1 harvest-1, which was about three times higher than the SLCH of the farms with Innovator, Banba, Red Scarlet, Sifra, and Arinda cultivars with an average SLCH of 0.46 ± 0.06 Mg ha-1 harvest-1. The highest SLCH (2.57 Mg ha-1) occurred when SWC was highest compared to the other SWC values (i.e., 0.42 Mg ha-1). For a given soil stickiness, tuber length and specific surface area (SSA) generally explained the variation in SLCH values, with elongated tubers having lower SSA resulting in lower SLCH values.


Main Subjects

Auerswald, K., Gerl, G., & Kainz, A. (2006). Influence of cropping system on harvest erosion under potato. Soil & Tillage Research, 89(1), 22-34.
Biesmans, M. (2002). Bodemverlies door het rooien van suikerbieten en aardappelen: ruimtelijke variatie op perceels-en regionaal niveau
Devaux, A., Kromann, P., & Ortiz, O. (2014). Potatoes for Sustainable Global Food Security. Potato Research, 57(3-4), 185-199.
Duval, Y. (1988). Pour reduire la tare, connaitre et observer les sols. Betteravier Français(531), 27-29.
Faraji, M., Chakan, A. A., Jafarizadeh, M., & Behbahani, A. M. (2017). Soil and nutrient losses due to root crops harvesting: a case study from southwestern Iran. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 63(11), 1523-1534.
Gabriel, K. R. (1971). The biplot graphic display of matrices with application to principal component analysis. Biometrika, 58(3), 453-467.
Grossman, R., & Reinsch, T. (2002). 2.1 Bulk density and linear extensibility. Methods of soil analysis: Part 4 physical methods, 5, 201-228.
Isabirye, M., Ruysschaert, G., Van Linden, L., Poesen, J., Magunda, M. K., & Deckers, J. (2007). Soil losses due to cassava and sweet potato harvesting: A case study from low input traditional agriculture. Soil & Tillage Research, 92(1-2), 96-103.
Jurisic, A., Kisic, I., Basic, F., Zgorelec, Z., & Matotek, S. (2011). Soil losses and soil degradation processes caused by harvest of sugar beet. Növénytermelés, 60(Supplement), 255-258.
Khorami, S., & Moghaddam, M. H. (2021). Evaluation and Analysis of the Production, Consumption, and Market of Potato in Iran. Food Research, 1(1), p1-p1.
Knudsen, D., Peterson, G., & Pratt, P. (1982). Potassium. Methods of soil analysis. Chemical and microbiological properties. America Society of Agronomy, and Soil Science of America, Inc. Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 229-230.
Kouselou, M., Hashemi, S., Eskandari, I., McKenzie, B. M., Karimi, E., Rezaei, A., & Rahmati, M. (2018). Quantifying soil displacement and tillage erosion rate by different tillage systems in dryland northwestern Iran. Soil Use and Management, 34(1), 48-59.
Kuhwald, M., Busche, F., Saggau, P., & Duttmann, R. (2022). Is soil loss due to crop harvesting the most disregarded soil erosion process? A review of harvest erosion. Soil and Tillage Research, 215, 105213.
Lal, R., & Shukla, M. K. (2004). Principles of soil physics. CRC Press.
McBride, R. (2002). 2.9 Atterberg Limits. Methods of Soil Analysis: Part, 4, 389-398.
Mwango, S., Msanya, B., Mtakwa, P., Kimaro, D., Deckers, J., Poesen, J., & Sanga, R. (2013). Soil loss due to crop harvesting in Western Usambara Mountains, Lushoto District, Tanzania: The case of carrot, onion and round potato. Joint Proceedings of the 27 th Soil Science Society of East Africa and the 6th African Soil Science Society, 1-8.
Nelson, D. W., & Sommers, L. E. (1996). Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. Methods of soil analysis: Part 3 Chemical methods, 5, 961-1010.
Obour, P. B., Lamande, M., Edwards, G., Sorensen, C. G., & Munkholm, L. J. (2017). Predicting soil workability and fragmentation in tillage: a review. Soil Use and Management, 33(2), 288-298.
Olsen, S. R. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. US Department of Agriculture.
Oshunsanya, S. O., Yu, H., Li, Y., & Saggar, S. (2019). Root hairs and cortex contribute to soil loss due to root crop harvesting. Catena, 174, 514-523.
Poesen, J. W., Verstraeten, G., Soenens, R., & Seynaeve, L. (2001). Soil losses due to harvesting of chicory roots and sugar beet: an underrated geomorphic process? Catena, 43(1), 35-47.
Rahmati, M., Eskandari, I., Kouselou, M., Feiziasl, V., Mahdavinia, G. R., Aliasgharzad, N., & McKenzie, B. M. (2020). Changes in soil organic carbon fractions and residence time five years after implementing conventional and conservation tillage practices. Soil and Tillage Research, 200, 104632. 104632 10.1016/j.still.2020.104632
Rahmati, M., Weihermuller, L., Vanderborght, J., Pachepsky, Y. A., Mao, L. L., Sadeghi, S. H., ..., Vereecken, H. (2018). Development and analysis of the Soil Water Infiltration Global database. Earth System Science Data, 10(3), 1237-1263.
Rashidi, M., & Seilsepour, M. (2009). Modeling of soil total nitrogen based on soil organic carbon. ARPN Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science, 4(2), 1-5.
Ruysschaert, G., Poesen, J., Notebaert, B., Verstraeten, G., & Govers, G. (2008). Spatial and long-term variability of soil loss due to crop harvesting and the importance relative to water erosion: A case study from Belgium. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 126(3-4), 217-228.
Ruysschaert, G., Poesen, J., Verstraeten, G., & Govers, G. (2004). Soil loss due to crop harvesting: significance and determining factors. Progress in Physical Geography, 28(4), 467-501.
Ruysschaert, G., Poesen, J., Verstraeten, G., & Govers, G. (2006). Soil losses due to crop harvesting in Europe. Soil Erosion in Europe, 609-621.
Ruysschaert, G., Poesen, J., Verstraeten, G., & Govers, G. (2007). Soil loss due to harvesting of various crop types in contrasting agro-ecological environments. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 120(2-4), 153-165.
Soenens, R. (1997). Bodemverlies bij het rooien van wortelgewassen. Unpublished M. Sc. thesis. Department of Geography, KU Leuven, Leuven.
Sumithra, R., Thushyanthy, M., & Srivaratharasan, T. (2013). Assessment of soil loss and nutrient depletion due to cassava harvesting: A case study from low input traditional agriculture. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 1(2), 72-79.
Thomaz, E. L., & Bereze, J. (2021). Soil loss due to crop harvest in Southern Brazil: effect of potato morphology. Plant and Soil, 468(1-2), 67-76.
Yu, H. Q., Li, Y., Zhou, N., Chappell, A., Li, X. Y., & Poesen, J. (2016). Soil nutrient loss due to tuber crop harvesting and its environmental impact in the North China Plain. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 15(7), 1612-1624.

ارتقاء امنیت وب با وف ایرانی